When we’re talking about CBD, there are three different kinds: Broad-spectrum, full-spectrum, and isolate. These terms refer to what other chemical constituents are found in your CBD product.
Our Plant Therapy CO2 Hemp Extract is a broad-spectrum CBD, meaning you get all the benefits of the other chemical constituents in the hemp plant, as well as the benefits of cannabidiol. But we’re going to discuss in more detail what that means.
THC, CBD and how they work with your body
First, let’s take a look at how THC and CBD work in your body.
Your body’s endocannabinoid system, which we’ve discussed in more detail in this blog post, is made of three main parts: Your CB1 receptors (mainly in your brain), CB2 receptors (mainly in your body), and your body’s naturally-produced endocannabinoids.
Phytocannabinoids, like those produced from cannabis (hemp) plants, can interact with your body’s CB1 and CB2 receptors in the same way your body’s endocannabinoids do, which means they can help the cannabinoids produced by your body.
CBD is naturally non-psychoactive because it does not bind with the same endocannabinoid receptors as THC. It’s THC’s ability to bind with CB1 receptors that give it it’s famous psychoactive effects. What this means, is that CBD can’t make you “high” the same way THC can.
CBD as an isolate
The most common form of CBD is actually an isolate (like fractionated coconut oil) because it has been isolated from the plant compound using a process called chromatography and contains only cannabidiol, without any of the other chemical constituents of the cannabis plant. This assures that there can’t be any psychoactive effects from THC.
That leaves you with just the part of the plant you want to use, which is good!
But while CBD on its own may have some benefits, we now understand that many of the positive effects of the cannabis plant come from the way the many chemical constituents, not just CBD, interact with each other. This is called the “entourage effect” and we’ll talk about it more in a minute. First, let’s go over the differences between different types of CBD products.
Broad-spectrum CBD starts as full-spectrum CBD and when the THC is removed, it becomes broad-spectrum. This means that all the other wonderful and useful chemical constituents that make up the cannabis plant are still intact, but there’s no chance of any psychoactive effects at all.
These other constituents include many potent terpene alcohols, especially linalool. Linalool is familiar to anyone in the essential oil industry as the piece that gives some of our favorite oils (like Lavender) their therapeutic properties. Linalool can also be found in oranges, hops, pepper…and many more.
Full-spectrum CBD contains trace amounts of THC. The legal limit for these types of products is less than 0.3%, a small enough amount that it still won’t have a psychoactive effect at all. Many people taking CBD find that this small amount of THC helps with more serious issues.
What is the “entourage effect?”
Like essential oils, cannabis is composed of many different chemical constituents, especially terpenes. And just like with essential oils, cannabis terpenes can affect your body by making you feel stimulated or sedated, depending on which ones a plant contains.
When CBD works with these other chemical constituents, it’s called the “entourage effect” and multiplies the usefulness of the product. Basically, 100 milligrams of isolated single-molecule CBD is not equal to 100 milligrams of a CBD-rich whole-plant hemp extract. Those extra constituents are incredibly useful.
For example, Myrcene can help reduce resistance in the blood-brain barrier. Pinene can help improve memory and when combined with THC, it can help slow the psychoactive effects. When you combine pinene, myrcene, and caryophyllene it may help with anxiety symptoms.
So you can see why maintaining as many of the plant’s complex chemical structures as possible can be hugely beneficial!
Like everything we do, Plant Therapy is bringing our company values to this new product.
Safety: You can trust that we are transparent about our product and what it does. We don’t make unsubstantiated claims. We do cite our resources and provide GC/MS tests for each oil (including CO2 Hemp Extract). This way you know exactly which chemical constituents go into your CBD.
Quality: High-quality products have always been a priority, but CBD is incredibly important. We sourced the highest-quality product right here in the United States from reputable, ethical growers.
Education: Our team will provide continuing education through content, videos, downloads, and trained staff members.
Pricing: Low, fair, and affordable pricing has always been our first priority.
To learn more, visit our CBD page for more information.
Ashley, E. (2017). Cannabis: CBD Rich Hemp Oil, Hemp Essential Oil, & Hemp Seed Oil: The Cannabis Medicines of Aromatherapy’s Own Medical Marijuana. The Secret Healer Oils Profiles, Vol. 8.
Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. (2015). Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 12(4), 825–836. doi:10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1
Cannabidiol (CBD) Pre-Review Report. (2017). Expert Committee on Drug Dependence. World Health Organization. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf
ElSohly M, Gul W. Constituents of cannabis sativa. In: Pertwee R, ed. Handbook of Cannabis. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2014:3-22.
Friedman D, Devinsky O. Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Epilepsy. N Engl J Med. 2015 Sep 10;373(11):1048-58.
Martens S, Mithöfer A. Flavones and flavone synthases. Phytochemistry. 2005 Oct;66(20):2399-407. Epub 2005 Aug 30.
Russo EB. Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Aug;163(7):1344-64.
Tisserand, R. (2016). Retrieved from https://tisserandinstitute.org/learn-more/cannabis-oil/
“The Brain Loves CBD: What are the Effects of This Major Cannabinoid?” (2018). CBD Health and Wellness. Retrieved from https://cbdhealthandwellness.net/2018/09/04/the-brain-loves-cbd-what-are-the-effects-of-this-major-cannabinoid/
Pacher, P. (2013). Modulating the endocannabinoid system in human health and disease: successes and failures. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3684164/
“What is CBD?” (2019) Project CBD. Retrieved from https://www.projectcbd.org/cbd-101/what-is-cbd
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
If you are pregnant, nursing, taking medications, or under a doctors care, please consult with a physician or qualified professional before using this product.